Action currents, internodal potentials, and extracellular records of myelinated mammalian nerve fibers derived from node potentials
Marks, W.B.; Loeb, G.E.
Biophysical Journal 16(6): 655-668
ISSN/ISBN: 0006-3495 PMID: 1276389 DOI: 10.1016/s0006-3495(76)85719-0
The potential distribution within the internodal axon of mammalian nerve fibers is derived by applying known node potential waveforms to the ends of an equivalent circuit model of the internode. The complete spatial/temporal profile of action potentials synthesized from the internodal profiles is used to compute the node current waveforn, and the extracellular action potential around fibers captured within a tubular electrode. For amphibia, the results agreed with empirical values. For mammals, the amplitude of the node currents plotted against conduction velocity was fitted by a straight line. The extracellular potential waveform depended on the location of the nodes within the tube. For tubes of length from 2 to 8 internodes, extracellular wave amplitude (mammals) was about one-third of the product of peak node current and tube resistance (center to ends). The extracellular potentials developed by longitudinal and radial currents in an anisotropic medium (fiber bundle) are compared.