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Age related release of prolactin by the pituitary and the pituitary hypothalamic complex in vitro an attempt to describe the development of the hypothalamic prolactin inhibiting and releasing activities in male rats



Age related release of prolactin by the pituitary and the pituitary hypothalamic complex in vitro an attempt to describe the development of the hypothalamic prolactin inhibiting and releasing activities in male rats



Journal of Endocrinology 115(3): 405-410



We have recently demonstrated that the pituitary hypothalamic complex (PHC) is a good model for studying interactions between the hypothalamus and pituitary in vitro. The amount of prolactin secreted by the PHC is an index of prolactin secreted by the pituitary in the presence of hypothalamic control, while the amount released by the whole pituitary alone is an index of prolactin secreted in the absence of hypothalamic control. The amount of prolactin secreted by the PHC has been regarded as an index of hypothalamic prolactin-releasing activity (HPRA), while the difference in the amounts of prolactin secreted by the whole pituitary and the PHC is the hypothalamic prolactin-inhibiting activity (HPIA). Attempts were made to correlate HPRA and HPIA to the development of serum concentrations of prolactin from days 7 to 77 in male rats. The HPRA increased steadily from days 7 to 56, decreased significantly on day 63 and thereafter remained unchanged until day 77. The HPIA was low on days 7 and 14 and increased steadily up to day 49, with no further signficiant variations. The developmental patterns of HPRA and HPIA were comparable up to day 49. Serum concentrations of prolactin increased significantly until day 28 and remained fairly constant until day 49. The weight of the pituitary gland increased from 1.0 .+-. 0.03 mg (mean .+-. S.E.M.) on day 7 to 7.76 .+-. 0.32 mg on day 63 and remained unchanged thereafter. The weight of the hypothalamic islet was 31.5 .+-. 2.88 mg on day 7, 34.83 .+-. 1.45 mg on day 14 and 50.4 .+-. 4.01 mg on day 21. After day 21 the weights of the hypothalamic islets were not significantly altered, except on day 49. It was concluded that serum concentrations of prolactin are regulated by interaction or competition between HPRA and HPIA at the level of the pituitary.

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Accession: 004690009

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PMID: 3443803


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