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Allantoinase activity and ureide content of mesophyll and paraveinal mesophyll of soybean leaves



Allantoinase activity and ureide content of mesophyll and paraveinal mesophyll of soybean leaves



Plant Science (Shannon) 50(3): 179-188



Paraveinal mesophyll (PVM) is a specialized soybean (Glycine max Merr.) leaf tissue which represents a significant biochemical compartment. Stereological measurements showed tht PVM makes up 23% of the mesophyll volume in nodulated soybean. To get an indication of the extent of involvement of PVM in ureide metabolism, physical characteristics, distribution of allantoinase activity and ureide content were determined in isolated PVM protoplasts (PVMP) and mesophyll protoplasts (MP). PVMP were larger and contained less chlorophyll and protein than MP. PVMP had twice as much allantoinase activity per protoplast but only half as much allantoinase activity when expressed on a volume basis as compared to MP. Total leaf ureide concentration was high and nearly equally distributed between MP and PVMP. PVMP had a higher ureide content per protoplast, a higher concentration of allantoic acid and a lower ratio of allantoin to allantoic acid. These results suggest that both tissues have the capacity to assimilate allantoin in vivo. The data are discussed with reference to the relative access of the two mesophyll tissues to incoming ureides.

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Accession: 004697759

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DOI: 10.1016/0168-9452(87)90072-0



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