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Analysis of different banding patterns and late replicating regions in chromosomes of allium cepa allium sativum and allium nigrum



Analysis of different banding patterns and late replicating regions in chromosomes of allium cepa allium sativum and allium nigrum



Genetica (Dordrecht) 71(1): 39-46



Different banding procedures and preferential Giemsa staining of late replicating DNA-rich regions were carried out in metaphase chromosomes of three species belonging to different sections of the genus Allium (A. cepa, A. sativum and A. nigrum). The banding, as well as the late replicating patterns were species-specific. The late replicating pattern proved to be, in all cases, the more detailed, and represented the highest percentage of the karyotypes differentially stained. Lower percents of the karyotype positively stained were accounted for by C-banding, by modified C-banding and by N-banding. In A. cepa interphase nuclei the pattern of constitutive heterochromatin fitted well with that of late replicating DNA-rich regions, but the coincidence with that revealed by C-banding was only partial. This supports the suggestion that late replicating regions may be considered to be a special category of heterochromatin. On the other hand, it seems that not all C-banded material replicates at the end of the S phase. By the modified C-banding, stained centromere dots or small bands, as well as bands at the NORs are observed.

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Accession: 004738991

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