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Antimicrobial susceptibility of Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli, and Campylobacter laridis from cats, dogs, pigs, and seagulls



Antimicrobial susceptibility of Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli, and Campylobacter laridis from cats, dogs, pigs, and seagulls



Nihon Juigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Veterinary Science 50(3): 685-691



A total of 309 strains of thermophilic Campylobacter isolated from cats, dogs, pigs, and seagulls were examined for the susceptibility to 8 antimicrobial agents. The seagull strains consisting of 62 of C. jejuni, 31 of C. coli, and 34 of C. laridis were all suseptible to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, erythromycin, kanamycin, streptomycin, and tetracycline, showing MIC50s of 0.5 to 4 .mu.g/ml, MIC910s of 1 to 16 .mu.g/ml, and IC ranges of .ltoreq. 0.125 to 16 .mu.g/ml except a few strains of C. jejuni and C. laridis which were slightly to moderately resistant to ampicillin or tetracycline. To nalidixic acid, the strains of C. jejuni and C. coli were susceptible, but those of C. laridis were highly resistant with MIC50s of > 128 .mu.g/ml. In contrast, the strains consisting of 45 of C. jejuni from cats and dogs, 127 of C. coli from cats, dogs, and pigs, and 10 of C. laridis from dogs and pigs showed much wider MIC ranges for erythromycin, kanamycin, nalidixic acid (except C. laridis strains), streptomycin, and tetracycline due to the incidence of resistant strains. The incidence rates of resistance were in the range of 0 to 30% depending on the difference in the bacterial species and the origins. The highest incidence rats were observed mostly in C. coli strains from pigs. To ampicillin, cephalothin, and chloramphenicol, the strains represented the susceptibilities comparable to those of seagull strains.

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Accession: 004767596

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PMID: 3210481

DOI: 10.1292/jvms1939.50.685



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