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Application of piggery waste to soils in pots effect on dry matter yield and uptake of nitrogen potassium calcium and magnesium by rye grass lolium perenne and white clover trifolium repens



Application of piggery waste to soils in pots effect on dry matter yield and uptake of nitrogen potassium calcium and magnesium by rye grass lolium perenne and white clover trifolium repens



Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture & Animal Husbandry 24(126): 354-359



The effect of piggery waste application on the yield and uptake of N, K, Ca and Mg by ryegrass (L. perenne) and white clover (T. repens) growing in 3 soils was studied in pot culture. Waste was applied 6 times during a 108 day growth period. The total waste applied to dfferent treatments was equivalent to 0, 5.3, 9.4, 12.2 and 18.0 t [ton] dry matter (DM)/ha. Application of waste resulted in significant increases in the yield of ryegrass on all soils and white clover on 1 soil. There was no significant decrease in yield at the highest application rate, indicating the absence of an excess soluble salt effect. Application of waste at 9.4 t DM/ha corrected a dietary deficiency of K in ryegrass and clover growing on a K-deficient podzolic soil. However, application of waste at 5.3 t DM/ha caused the K:(Ca + Mg) ratio of ryegrass growing on an alluvial soil and a red brown earth to exceed 2.0, an index above which grass tetany may develop in ruminants. Application of waste to ryegrass at 18 t DM/ha or clover at .gtoreq. 9.4 t DM/ha caused the plant tissue nitrate concentration to exceed 0.2% N, which is potentially toxic to farm animals.

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