Applications of international commission on radiological protection 30 international commission on radiological protection 23 and radioactive waste risk assessment techniques to chemical carcinogens

Cohen, B.L.

Health Physics 42(6): 753-758

1982


ISSN/ISBN: 0017-9078
Accession: 004775246

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Abstract
Linear, no-threshold dose-response relationships at low doses are now accepted by USA government agencies for risk assessment of chemical carcinogens. By application of ICRP [International Commission on Radiological Protection] 30 metabolic models, ICRP23 data on ingestion intake of elements and radioactive waste risk assessment techniques, large numbers of eventual fatalities because of the high probability for material in the ground to eventually be ingested by humans were predicted. A detailed calculation showed that the Cd released in USA coal burning in 1 yr would cause 20,000 fatal cancers (100/GWe-yr of electricity production), the imports of Cd into the USA would cause 130,000 fatalities/yr of importing at the current rate and CdS photovoltaic cells would cause 400 fatalities/GWe-yr.