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Autophosphorylation of the alpha subunit of phosphorylase kinase from rabbit skeletal muscle



Autophosphorylation of the alpha subunit of phosphorylase kinase from rabbit skeletal muscle



Journal of Biological Chemistry 262(23): 11239-11246



The autophosphorylation of the .alpha. subunit of phosphorylase kinase occurs simultaneously at multiple sites during incorporation of the first mol of phosphate. The predominant and initial autophosphorylation site on this subunit is different than the major site phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase, which also phosphorylates multiple sites, as evidenced by two-dimensional phosphopeptide maps. All of the sites on the .alpha. subunit phosphorylated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase comigrate on peptide maps with autophosphorylation phosphopeptides however, several phosphopeptides observed after autophosphorylation are not evident following phosphorylation by cAMP-dependent protein kinase. The phosphopeptide maps of the .alpha. subunit are the same whether autophosphorylation is carried out at pH 6.8 or 8.2 or whether MnATP is used instead of MgATP; there is only a slight difference in the maps brought about by EGTA-insensitive autophosphorylation. The autophosphorylation is shown to be an intrinsic activity of the phosphorylase kinase molecule; this conclusion is based on the observed copurification of the autophosphorylation activity with activities toward phosphorylase b and .kappa.-casein and the unaltered influence of various effectors on these activities througout different sequential adsorption chromatography purification steps. Additional support to that already in the literature that the initial autophosphorylation events are predominantly intramolecular is gained by showing that previously autophosphorylated enzyme has little ability to catalyze the phosphorylation of nonphosphorylated enzyme.

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Accession: 004803108

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PMID: 3038913


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