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Avian erythroblastosis virus e 26 nucleotide sequence of the tripartite onc gene and the long terminal repeat and analysis of the cellular prototype of the viral ets sequence



Avian erythroblastosis virus e 26 nucleotide sequence of the tripartite onc gene and the long terminal repeat and analysis of the cellular prototype of the viral ets sequence



Virology 139(2): 339-339



An intact 5.7-kb [kilobase] provirus of the avian erythroblastosis virus E26 was molecularly cloned for comparisons with avian myeloblastosis virus (AMV) and other avian tumor viruses. E26 and AMV transform hemopoetic cells exclusively. Both cause myeloblastosis, but E26 also causes erythroblastosis. Sequence analysis of the proviral DNA showed that: tripartite transforming gene of E26 forms a contiguous reading frame of 1046 codons, including 272 gag, 283 mybE and 491 ets codons. No subgenomic ets-specific mRNA was detected in E26-infected cells. The onc gene of AMV consists almost entirely of a mybA sequence expressed via subgenomic mRNA that extends over the 5' and 3' ends of mybE. mybE is only slightly diverged from the mybA homolog of AMV and even less from the cellular proto-myb sequence with no characteristic mutation that sets apart the 2 viruses from proto-myb. The U5 region of the long terminal repeat (LTR) of E26 and AMV are colinear and differ only in scattered point mutations. The U3 region of the E26 LTR is different from that of AMV but is colinear and cosely related with that of avian carcinoma virus MH2 and also with that of Prague Rous sarcoma virus (RSV), except for an unexpected 16-nucleotide substitution of 22 RSV nucleotides. Upstream of the 3' LTR, the c region of E26 appears to be the same as that of RSV for 70 nucleotides and very similar to those of AMV and MH2 for .apprx. 20-30 nucleotides. Since the U3 of E26, MH2 and RSV are very closely related and neither MH2 nor RSV show a particular erythroblast tropism, it is possible that the U3 does not play a critical role in the erythroblast tropism of E26. Electrophoretic size analyses of chicken DNA digested with restriction enzymes indicate that DNA fragments totaling over 50 kb hybridize with viral ets DNA.

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