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Bas 389 a new fungicide for control of rhizoctonia solani in cotton gossypium hirsutum

Bas 389 a new fungicide for control of rhizoctonia solani in cotton gossypium hirsutum

Plant Disease Reporter 63(7): 569-573

The experimental fungicide N-cyclohexyl-N-methoxy-2,5-dimethyl-3-furancarboxamide (BAS 389) was highly toxic against 6 isolates of R. solani in potato-dextrose broth; the dose-response curves were linear and steep, up to 2.5 .mu.g of active ingredient (a.i.)/ml, with ED50 vaues ranging 0.1-0.75 .mu.g/ml. Saprophytic activity of R. solani was significantly reduced in soil by BAS 389 at 0.5 .mu.g/g of soil and was completely inhibited at 5.0 .mu.g/g or more. Survival of R. solani in an organic substrate colonized by the pathogen before addition to soil was also reduced by BAS 389, but the pathogen was not eliminated even at a concentration of 20 .mu.g/g. Application of BAS 389 to cottonseed directly or with an organic solvent appreciably reduced disease caused by R. solani in cotton seedlings in the greenhouse. Application of BAS 389 to cottonseed directly or with an organic solvent (acetone or dichloromethane) also significantly reduced seedling disease in the field.

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