Behavioral and electroencephalographic effects of zopiclone, a cyclopyrrolone derivative
Ueki, S.; Watanabe, S.; Yamamoto, T.; Kataoka, Y.; Shibata, S.; Shibata, K.; Ohta, H.; Shimazoe, T.; Kawamoto, H.
Japanese Journal of Pharmacology 43(3): 309-326
Behavioral effects of zopiclone were investigated in mice and rats and compared with the data on diazepam, nitrazepam and flurazepam. The electroencephalographic effect of the drug was also examined in unanesthetized rabbits with chronic electrode implants and compared with that of diazepam. The present results indicate that zopiclone possesses pharmacological properties qualitatively similar to benzodiazepines, which are characterized by potent anticonflict and antiaggressive effects and much weaker anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant, antaxiogenic, sedative and anesthesia potentiating effects; the properties of this drug were compared with those of diazepam, nitrazepam and flurazepam. Zopiclone suppressed the EEG arousal responses and inhibited afterdischarges induced by electrical stimulation of the hippocampus and amygdala. The effects of zopiclone on EEG and afterdischarges were approximately 1/10 those of diazepam.