Bioassay indicates a metabolite of hexazinone affects photosynthesis of loblolly pine pinus taeda

Sung S J.S.; South, D.B.; Gjerstad, D.H.

Weed Science 33(4): 440-442


ISSN/ISBN: 0043-1745
DOI: 10.1017/s0043174500082618
Accession: 004830225

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The effects of hexazinone [3-cyclohexyl-6-(dimethylamino)-1-methyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione] and its metabolites, A [3-(4-hydroxycyclohexyl)-6-(dimethylamino)-1-methyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione], B [3-cyclohexyl-6-(methylamino)-1-methyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione], C [3-(4-hydroxycyclohexyl)-6-(methylamino)-1-methyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione], D [3-cyclohexyl-1-methyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione] and E [3-(4-hydroxycyclohexyl)-1-methyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4,6(1H,3H,5H)-trione], on photosynthesis of loblolly pine primary needle segments were studied using a bioassay technique. Hexazinone, at concentrations equal to or greater than 1.0 .times. 10-6 M, inhibited photosynthesis, while 1.0 .times. 10-8 M and 1.0 .times. 10-7 M concentrations increased photosynthesis. Metabolite B at 1.0 .times. 10-4 M also inhibited photosynthesis. Metabolites A, C, D and E did not affect photosynthesis at 1.0 .times. 10-4 in pine needle segments. The bioassay proved simple and useful for determining effects of certain herbicides and metabolites on photosynthesis.