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Biology and control of the greenhouse whitefly trialeurodes vaporariorum 9. flight behavior and dispersal of greenhouse whitefly adults



Biology and control of the greenhouse whitefly trialeurodes vaporariorum 9. flight behavior and dispersal of greenhouse whitefly adults



Bulletin of the Hiroshima Prefectural Agricultural Experiment Station (42): 23-34



Surveys on the flight behavior and dispersal of the greenhouse whitefly around a greehouse were carried out at Higashihiroshima in southwestern Japan. Diurnal flight curves of greenhouse whitefly adults were obsreved using plant traps. Diurnal flight activity was high from 1100-1500 h in the autumn when the average air temperature was .apprx. 10.degree. C and from 0700-1900 h in the rainy season when the average air temperature .apprx. 20.degree. C. The critical air temperature for flight activity was .apprx. 10.degree. C. Wind speed had a strong effect on the diurnal flight activity although the adults disperse to the leeward. The flight number of greenhouse whitefly adults caught by plant traps placed on the roof at a height of 9 m had the 1st peak from late June to mid-July and the 2nd peak from early Sept. to mid-Nov. Greenhouse whitefly adults which occurred on tomatoes in the greenhouse from May-Aug. dispersed actively around the greenhouse.

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