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Biology of microplitis demolitor hymenoptera braconidae an imported parasitoid of heliothis spp lepidoptera noctuidae and the soybean looper pseudoplusia includens lepidoptera noctuidae



Biology of microplitis demolitor hymenoptera braconidae an imported parasitoid of heliothis spp lepidoptera noctuidae and the soybean looper pseudoplusia includens lepidoptera noctuidae



Environmental Entomology 12(3): 641-645



M. demolitor Wilkinson was collected in Queensland, Australia, and imported into the USA, where laboratory studies were conducted to determine its life history, host range and other aspects of its biology. In all but 3 of 10 lepidopterous hosts tested, oviposition was attempted by M. demolitor, although only Heliothis zea (Boddie), H. virescens (F.) and P. includens (Walker) were suitable hosts for parasitoid development. A low number of parasitoids successfully developed from Trichoplusia ni (Huebner). Parasitoid development time from egg to pupation was .apprx. 8 days, and from pupation to adult emergence was 5 days at 27.degree. C. Longevity of M. demolitor males and females was .apprx. 8 days. [Others tested were Spodoptera exigua, Anticargia gemmatalis, Pieris rapae, Plathypena scabra and Galleria mellonella.].

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