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Bionomics of psylliodes chalcomera a candidate for biological control of musk thistle



Bionomics of psylliodes chalcomera a candidate for biological control of musk thistle



Annals of the Entomological Society of America 69(3): 395-398



Psylliodes chalcomera (Illiger) is oligophagous on Carduus spp., is widely distributed throughout Europe and is not a pest of cultivated crop plants. In the field at Rome, Italy, eggs were laid from Jan.-June on the base of the plants or in the soil adjacent to the plants. The larvae fed in both flower and leaf buds, matured in mid-May, and pupated in the soil near the plant. Adults emerged in early June, fed heavily and commenced aestivation in the 2nd half of June, so they were well-synchronized with the senescence of the host plants. Aestivation terminated in early Nov. and oviposition commenced in late Jan. Females kept at outside temperature produced an average 296 eggs each, and some lived 20 mo., through 2 aestivations and 2 ovipositional periods.

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Accession: 004841274

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DOI: 10.1093/aesa/69.3.395


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