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Breeding of plum mume parental lines pm 1 1 and pm 1 4 interspecific hybrids of japanese plum prunus salicina lindl. and mume prunus mume sieb. et zucc


Breeding of plum mume parental lines pm 1 1 and pm 1 4 interspecific hybrids of japanese plum prunus salicina lindl. and mume prunus mume sieb. et zucc



Bulletin of the Fruit Tree Research Station Series A (Yatabe) (15): 1-10



'PM-1-1' and 'PM-1-4' are interspecific hybrids between plum (Prunus salicina Lindl.) and mume (P. mume Sieb. et Zucc.) which were developed at the Fruit Tree Research Station, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. They were selected from a cross between the plum cultivar 'Sordum' and mume cultivar 'Jizoume'. This cross was made at Hiratsuka in 197 and the seedings were obtained by embryo culture. 'PM-1-1' and 'PM-1-4' were registered by Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Council Secretariat [Japan] as plum-mume parental lines No. 1, and No. 2, respectively in 1987. 'PM-1-1' trees as spreading and vigorous (Fig. 1). Flowering time takes place from late March to early April at Tsukuba. 'PM-1-1' is male sterile and showed moderate degree of resistance to bacterial leaf spof and resistance to root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica (Table 1). 'PM-1-1' fruits arms medium to large, compared with those of mume, averaging 35g, but, their size is about half or smaller than the parent plum 'Sordum' (Table 2). The flesh is red and too sour to eat for desert use. 'PM-1-1' is cross-compatible with 'Jizoune' mume, 'Koushiuoumi' apricot and 'Myrobalan 290-1-2' plum, but, incompatible with 'Sordum' plum (Table 3), and graft-compatible with mume, plum and peach seedlings (Table 4). 'PM-1-1' is expected to become a good parent giving root-knot nematode resistance to plum cutivars for rootscock and red flesh fruit to mume cultivars. 'PM-1-4' trees are spreading and extremely virogorus (Fig. 4). Flowering time takes place from late March to early april at Tsukuba. 'PM-1-4' is male sterile and showed moderate degree of resistance to bacterial leaf spot and resistnace to root-knot nematodes mentioned above (Table 1). 'PM-1-4' fruits are very large, compared with those of mume, averaging 70g, and slightly smaller than those of the parent plum 'Sordum' (Table 2). The flesh is yellow and too acid to eat for dessert use. 'PM-1-4' is cross-compatible with 'Jizoume' mume and 'Koushiuoumi' apricot, but, incompatible with 'Sordum' plum (Table3), and graft-compatible with mume and peach seedings (Table 4). 'PM-1-4' is expected to become a good parent giving root-knot nematode resistance to plum cultivars for rootstock and large fruit size to mume cultivars.

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Breeding of plum-mume parental lines 'PM-1-1' and 'PM-1-4', interspecific hybrids of Japanese plum (Prunus salicina Lindl.) and mume (P. mume Sieb. et Zucc.). Bulletin of the Fruit Tree Research Station, A Yatabe, Japan 15: 1-10, 1988

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