Section 5
Chapter 4,870

Calcium transport ATPase of canine cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum. A comparison with that of rabbit fast skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum

Shigekawa, M.; Finegan, J.A.; Katz, A.M.

Journal of Biological Chemistry 251(22): 6894-6900


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258
PMID: 11210
Accession: 004869317

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To define the mechanism responsible for the slow rate of calcium transport by cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum, the kinetic properties of the Ca2+-dependent ATPase of canine cardiac microsomes were characterized and compared with those of a comparable preparation from rabbit fast skeletal muscle. A phosphoprotein intermediate (E approximately P), which has the stability characteristics of an acyl phosphate, is formed during ATP hydrolysis by cardiac microsomes. Ca2+ is required for the E approximately P formation, and Mg2+ accelerates its decomposition. The Ca2+ concentration required for half-maximal activation of the ATPase is 4.7 +/- 0.2 muM for cardiac microsomes and 1.3 +/- 0.1 muM for skeletal microsomes at pH 6.8 and 0 degrees. The ATPase activities at saturating concentrations of ionized Ca2+ and pH 6.8, expressed as ATP hydrolysis per mg of protein, are 3 to 6 times lower for cardiac microsomes than for skeletal microsomes under a variety of conditions tested. The apparent Km value for MgATP at high concentrations in the presence of saturating concentrations of ionized Ca2+ is 0.18 +/- 0.03 ms at pH 6.8 and 25 degrees. The maximum velocity of ATPase activity under these conditions is 0.45 +/- 0.05 mumol per mg per min for cardiac microsomes and 1.60 +/- 0.05 mumol per mg per min for skeletal microsomes. The maximum steady state level of E approximately P for cardiac microsomes, 1.3 +/- 0.1 nmol per mg, is significantly less than the value of 4.9 +/- 0.2 nmol per mg for skeletal microsomes, so that the turnover number of the Ca2+-dependent ATPase of cardiac microsomes, calculated as the ratio of ATPase activity to the E approximately P level is similar to that of the skeletal ATPase. These findings indicate that the relatively slow rate of calcium transport by cardiac microsomes, whem compared to that of skeletal microsomes, reflects a lower density of calcium pumping sites and lower Ca2+ affinity for these sites, rather than a lower turnover rate.

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