Carcass characteristics of polled hereford x angus charolais x angus simmental x angus and holstein x angus steers finished on high silage diets

Skelley, G.C.; Thompson, C.E.; Cross, D.L.; Grimes, L.W.

Journal of Animal Science 51(4): 822-829


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-8812
DOI: 10.2527/jas1980.514822x
Accession: 004878717

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Carcass data and weight gains were evaluated over a 2 yr period for 180 crossbred steers representing 4 different crosses. Steers were fed a high silage diet with limited corn and required protein, mineral and vitamin supplements. All animals were treated alike and were slaughtered at high Good to minimum Choice endpoints. The Holstein .times. Angus steers gained more (P < 0.05) weight than the other 3 crossbred groups. Simmental .times. Angus steers gained significantly more weight than the Polled Hereford or Charolais steers. Polled Hereford .times. Angus steers had the largest (P < 0.05) amount of external fat over the longissimus muscle. Carcasses of Holstein .times. Angus steers and Polled Hereford .times. Angus steers had smaller longissimus muscle areas (P < 0.05) and higher (P < 0.05) yield grades than carcasses of either the Charolais or Simmental crosses. The Holstein .times. Angus steers had more (P < 0.05) marbling than the other 3 groups and they graded higher (P < 0.05) than the Charolais or Simmental crossbred steers. The Polled Hereford .times. Angus steers produced steaks that tended to score higher on all sensory panel ratings than steaks from the other 3 breed groups. These scores were significantly higher than those for the lower scoring group for each rating system. A further analysis of the 2nd year data shows that the Polled Hereford .times. Angus steers produced Choice carcasses and exhibited more (P < 0.05) external fat at least 30 days earlier than the Charolais .times. Angus or Simmental .times. Angus steers. The Charolais and the Simmental crossbred steers reached the requirements for minimum Choice grade on a high silage diet, provided they were fed for a longer period and to a heavier weight than the Polled Hereford .times. Angus steers.