Cell survival kinetics in peripheral blood and bone marrow during total body irradiation for marrow transplantation

Shank, B.; Andreeff, M.; Li, D.

International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 9(11): 1613-1623

1983


ISSN/ISBN: 0360-3016
PMID: 6358155
DOI: 10.1016/0360-3016(83)90413-3
Accession: 004894352

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Abstract
Cell survival kinetics in peripheral blood and in bone marrow were studied over the time course of hyperfractionated total body irradiation (TBI) for bone marrow transplantation . This TBI regimen allows the study of the in vivo radiation effect uncomplicated by prior cyclophosphamide. Peripheral blood cell concentrations were monitored with conventional laboratory cell counts and differentials. Absolute bone marrow cell concentrations were monitored by measuring cell concentrations in an aspirate sample and correcting for dilution with blood by a cell cycle kinetic method using cytofluorometry. In the entire group of patients, time to engraftment with donor marrow was found to be 16.6 .+-. 4.4 days and more rapid when a nucleated donor cell dose of .gtoreq. 4.0 .times. 108 cells/kg was given. For lymphocytes in peripheral blood in patients in remission, the effective D0 ranged from 373 rad in 10 children .ltoreq. 10 yr old, to 536 rad in the 4 patients between 11-17 yr old, while n = 1.0 in all groups. There was no trend observed according to age. Granulocytes had a much higher effective D0, approximately 1000 rad in vivo. Absolute nucleated cell concentration in marrow dropped slowly initially, due to an increased lymphocyte concentration in marrow during a concurrent drop in lymphocyte concentration in peripheral blood, but eventually fell on the last day of TBI ranging from 7-44% of the initial marrow nucleated cell concentration. Marrow myeloid elements, however, dropped continuously throughout the course of TBI.