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Chemical control of puccinia recondita tritici and erysiphe graminis tritici on wheat varieties



Chemical control of puccinia recondita tritici and erysiphe graminis tritici on wheat varieties



Zastita Bilja 36(2): 171-178



Fifteen wheat varieties were included in the trial: NS Rana 1, NS Rana 2, Partizanka, Yugoslavia, Balkan, Posavka 2, Nizija, Zitnica, Sutjeska, Bezostaja 1, Macvanka 2, Baranjka, Kv-924, NS-5260 and Little Club. Two treatments with the Calixin (0.5 l/ha), Indar (0.5 l/ha) and Tilt 250 EC (0.5 l/ha) were applied in three variants. Separately, the varieties NS rana 2, Macvanka 2 and Little Club were treated with Impact (1 l/ha), Indar (0.5 l/ha) and Bayleton WP 25 (0.5 l/ha). The severity of leaf rust and powdery mildew was recorded in three intervals before and after spraying. The amount of leaf rust was considerably higher than that of powdery mildew. Meanwhile even in such condition the verietal specificity referring to the efficiency of the fongicides was differentiated. The obvious differences in yield componements came to the expression with susceptible varieties Little Club and Kv-924. In the other varieties some differences were observed related either to yield components or the fungicides applied. The varieties such as Yugoslavia, Zitnica, Sutjeska, Baranjka and NS-5260 because of their resistance of leaf rust have not expressed almost any differences in yield components. In addition al trial with three wheat varieties and three fungicides there were typical differences in yield between Macvanka 2 and NS Rana 2. That was due to the earliness of NS Rana 2.

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