Section 5
Chapter 4,988

Combination chemotherapy for multiple myeloma with melphalan, ifosfamide, prednisolone, nitrosourea and vincristine

Ishii, H.

Acta Medica Okayama 42(3): 175-182


ISSN/ISBN: 0386-300X
PMID: 3165236
Accession: 004987032

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Melphalan, ifosfamide, prednisolone, nitrosourea [1-(4-amino-2-methyl-5-pyrimidyl)-3-(2-chloroethyl)-3-nitrosourea hydrochloride, ACNU or 1, 3-bis (2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea, BCNU] and vincristine (MIP-NV) were given in combination to 48 patients with multiple myeloma. The response rate was 57% in previously untreated patients, and 39% in previously treated patients. The median survival time of previously untreated patients in stage IA + IIA was 49 months, and that of patients in stage IIIA + B was 27 months. The median survival time of stage III patients depended significantly on the duration of remission. The duration of remission and survival time of patients with relief of pain and improvement in daily activity were significantly longer than those of patients without such effects. Age, sex, blood hemoglobin concentration and bone lesion were important prognostic factors. As for the side effects, leukopenia (less than 1,000/microliter) and thrombocytopenia (less than 5 X 10(4)/microliter) occurred in 10.4% and 2.1% of the patients, respectively. It was concluded that multiple drug combination therapy with MIP-NV (MIP-NV therapy) was effective for patients with multiple myeloma at all clinical stages, because it resulted in long survival with low toxicity.

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