Comparative in vitro activities of pefloxacin, ofloxacin, enoxacin and ciprofloxacin against 256 clinical isolates

Arpi, M.; Gahrn-Hansen, B.; Søgaard, P.; Bentzon, M.W.

Acta Pathologica Microbiologica et Immunologica Scandinavica. Section B Microbiology 95(2): 141-146

1987


ISSN/ISBN: 0108-0180
PMID: 3473910
DOI: 10.1111/j.1699-0463.1987.tb03102.x
Accession: 004995866

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Abstract
The antibacterial activity of four new fluoroquinolone carboxylic acids, pefloxacin, ofloxacin, enoxacin and ciprofloxacin, against 256 clinical isolates was investigated by means of an agar dilution method. Generally, all quinolones tested had a high activity against Gram-negative bacteria. More than 90% of Enterobacteriaceae strains were inhibited by a quinolone concentration of 0.4 .mu.g/ml. Also strains usually resistant to conventional .beta.-lactam antibiotics, and sometimes to third-generation cephalosporins, like Enterobacter spp., Serratia spp. and Yersinia spp. were susceptible to the tested quinolones. Ciprofloxacin was 5 to 25-fold more potent on a weight basis against Enterobacteriaceae than the other quinolones. Neisseria meningitidis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Haemophilus influenzae were extremely susceptible to the new quinolones. Ciprofloxacin was about 10 times more potent against Pseudomonas aeruginosa than the other quinolones, and was the only quinolone that was sufficiently active against all tested P. aeruginosa strains (MIC .ltoreq. 0.4 .mu.g/ml). The activity against Gram-positive bacteria was considerably lower. All the quinolones investigated had an acceptable activity against many of the methicillin-sensitive and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci. The majority of the Streptococcus ssp. tested was quinolone-resistant, as was Listeria monocytogenes. Generally, it was evident that ciprofloxacin was more potent on a weight basis than the other quinolones, but this difference was counterbalanced by a higher achievable serum concentration for oxfloxacin. Some of the investigated fluoroquinolones might constitute valid therapeutical alternatives to .beta.-lactam antibodies and aminoglycosides in the treatment of serious bacterial infections.

Comparative in vitro activities of pefloxacin, ofloxacin, enoxacin and ciprofloxacin against 256 clinical isolates