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Comparison of friesian cattle from different origins 2. milk production traits in 2 sub populations from the netherlands and progeny of dutch friesian holstein friesian and british friesian proven bulls

Comparison of friesian cattle from different origins 2. milk production traits in 2 sub populations from the netherlands and progeny of dutch friesian holstein friesian and british friesian proven bulls

Zeitschrift fuer Tierzuechtung und Zuechtungsbiologie 99(4): 272-285

A comparison of milk production traits of Friesian cattle from different origins was made in a herd on an experimental farm of the Agricultural University in Flevoland. The basic herd of .apprx. 200 cows (G0) was founded in 1970-1971 with a random sample of 240 calves from the Dutch Friesian DF subpopulations in Friesland and North-Holland. The calves originated from high and low producing herds (1/3 at both sides). The dams were born from 1961-1968 and mated in 1969 and 1970 for 80% with A.I. [artificial insemination] bulls available at the A.I. centers in Friesland and North-Holland and 20% with natural service [NS] bulls. The G1 generation of calves were descendants of selected proven bulls from the Dutch Friesian, Holstein Friesian and British Friesian subpopulation. Each year 5 newly tested proven bulls per subpopulation were chosen and used from 1971-1975. These 20 A.I. proven bulls per subpopulation are represented by 68 DF, 70 HF [Holstein Friesian] and 80 BF [British Friesian] daughters with a first lactation in 1975-1979. Compared with the dams in the herds of origin, milk production was increased in the 204 unselected daughters by +700 kg milk, +0.15% fat and +0.12% protein. The G0 heifers at a calving age of 2.1 yr had a milk production in 305 days of 4403 kg milk, 4.25% fat and 3.42% protein. In the heifer production a contrast of -468 kg milk (11%) between Friesland and North-Holland was demonstrated. Calves from high (H) and low (L) producing herds and from A.I. and NS bulls did not differ in production capacity. In fat- and protein percentages, no significant differences were detected between Friesland and North-Holland, or H and L herds or A.I. and NS bulls. Genetic differences in milk yield between Friesland and North-Holland were most clearly expressed in the first lactation. The average production of the 218 G1 heifers increased in milk by 617 kg, and decreased by 0.16% in fat and 0.12% in protein. The G1 heifers from selected Hf proven bulls compared with DF ones produced +822 kg milk, -0.27% fat and -0.05% protein and BF to DF +258 kg milk, -0.12% fat and -0.01% protein. The phenotypic correlation between production traits in the G0 and G1 was high; milk/fat percentage, milk/protein percentage around -0.4 and fat percentage/protein percentage +0.55. The degree of repeatability in production traits was high (5.2). The regression of dam/daughter pairs was .apprx. 0.4 for milk compositon traits but lower for milk production (about 0.2) especially in the HF .times. DF group (0.04). Population dynamics effects play an important role when comparing the results from Friesian cattle of different origins.

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