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Construction and identification of recombinant plasmids carrying complementary dna species coding for ovine alpha s 1 alpha s 2 beta kappa casein and beta lactoglobulin nucleotide sequence of alpha s 1 casein complementary dna


Construction and identification of recombinant plasmids carrying complementary dna species coding for ovine alpha s 1 alpha s 2 beta kappa casein and beta lactoglobulin nucleotide sequence of alpha s 1 casein complementary dna



Biochimie 67(9): 959-972



ISSN/ISBN: 0300-9084

An ovine mammary cDNA library has been constructed from total poly(A)+RNA isolated from the mammary gland of a lactating ewe, using a classical procedure. Blunt-ended double-stranded cDNAs prepared with reverse transcriptase and nuclease S1 were tailed with dCTP, inserted into the dGMP-tailed PstI site of plasmid pBR322 and cloned in Escherichia coli. Five series of homologous clones representing abundant messenger RNAs (strong hybridization with a single-stranded cDNA probe generated from total poly(A)+RNA) were selected using each time a different predominant cloned ds-cDNA as probe, then identified by positive hybridization-translation of the cognate mRNA and subsequent immunoprecipitation and electrophoresis of the protein. The lengths of .alpha.s1-, .alpha.s2-, .beta.-, .kappa.-casein and .beta.-lactoglobulin mRNAs are in the range of 1.2, 1.1., 1.25, 1.0 and 0.85 kb, respectively, as determined by Northern blotting analysis. Five homologous mRNAs of similar sizes were identified in the porcine species by dot blot hybridization and Northern analyses. The nucleotide sequence of .alpha.s1-casein mRNA was determined by sequencing, according to Maxam and Gilbert, both a 1080 bp long cloned ds-cDNA and a ss-cDNA (268 nucleotides) generated by 5' extension of a 5' terminal truncated radiolabeled fragment (83 bp) of the relevant ds-cDNA, used as primer for reverse transcription. The 3' non coding region (431 nucleotides, excluding the poly(A) tail) represents 70% of the length of the coding region (618 nucleotides) flanked by a 61 nucleotide 5' region. Comparison of sequences of ovine and bovine, rat and guinea-pig .alpha.s1-casein mRNAs has revealed a greater homology in the 3' and especially 5' non coding regions. In the reading frame, the conserved regions are essentially those corresponding to the signal peptide and phosphopeptide domains. The derived 206 amino acid sequence of ovine pre-.alpha.s1-casein differs from that of its bovine counterpart (genetic variant B) by 24 amino acid substitutions and a deletion of 8 amino acid residues occurring in the polypeptide chain of the mature protein. Such a variation (84% homology only) in two phylogenetically closely related species indicates a high rate of evolution of .alpha.s1-casein.

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Construction and identification of recombinant plasmids carrying cDNAs coding for ovine alpha S1-, alpha S2-, beta-, kappa-casein and beta-lactoglobulin. Nucleotide sequence of alpha S1-casein cDNA. Biochimie 67(9): 959-971, 1985

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