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Control of clearwing moth synanthedon myopaeformis borkh. with the male confusion technique



Control of clearwing moth synanthedon myopaeformis borkh. with the male confusion technique



Journal of Applied Entomology 103(5): 462-471



In 1983 investigations were initiated to control the apple clearwing moth with the male confusion technique in a highly infested apple orchard located near Heidelberg [Germany]. On half of the isolated 7 ha apple orchard HERCON-Flakes, containing the sex attractant (Z,Z)-3,13-octadecadien-1-ol acetate, were applied. The other half of the intensively cultivated orchard was used as untreated control plot. The degree of confusion, shown by pheromone trap catches, lay between 99 and 100% during all 3 years of experimenting. Having applied the confusion technique, for 2 years only 4.2 larvae per tree were found with quantitative preparations of larvae in trees cleared from the area of confusion, compared to 23.3 larvae per tree were found in the untreated area. This proves a reduction in population of 82.1%. The counting of fresh frass and empty pupal skins proved less suitable for the evaluation of the confusion technique. Both methods resulted in a reduction in population of only 60% within the area of confusion. By capturing moth in lure pots and counting the spermatophores, a mating reduction of 72.8% was shown in the third year of experimentation.

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