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Control of gypsy moth lymantria dispar by nuclear polyhedrosis virus baculovirus sprayed from an airplane



Control of gypsy moth lymantria dispar by nuclear polyhedrosis virus baculovirus sprayed from an airplane



Zastita Bilja 29(143-144): 43-56



A dose of 7.6 .times. 1011 polyhedrosis viruses/ha resulted in artificial infection of the caterpillars. Mass mortality occurred between the 25th and 35th day after treatment. In the late stages of development, with 3290-7780 clutches of eggs/ha, it is too late to prevent defoliation of the forest by application of the virus. The virus should be used in the early stages of development, when the number of egg clutches is 1000-3000/ha. In later stages of development, an epizootic of nuclear polyhedrosis cannot stop an increasing gypsy moth population. The number of eggs/clutch in an untreated control is statistically larger than egg clutches in a treated forest. In the year following virus treatment, the caterpillars in the forest are more sensitive to the virus than the year before where the treatment did not cause massive mortality.

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