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Control of stem nematode ditylenchus dipsaci oat race by aldicarb and resistant crop plants

Control of stem nematode ditylenchus dipsaci oat race by aldicarb and resistant crop plants

Annals of Applied Biology 103(2): 291-300

Aldicarb at 1.5 or 4.5 kg ha-1 applied around the seeds at sowing greatly increased the yields of a range of crop plants in soil heavily infested with stem nematode (D. dipsaci, 'oat race'). Yield responses could be largely explained by stem nematode control in onions, field beans, peas, 'Manod' oats and maize but not in wheat, 'Maris Tabard' oats, lucerne or sugar beet. Aldicarb lessened stem nematode attacks and lessened stem nematode increase in host plants. The supposedly resistant oat 'Manod' was susceptible, whereas 'Maris Tabard' was resistant, as were 'Peniarth', 'Pennal', 'Panema', 'Pennant', 'Maris Quest' and 'Milford', whose resistances derive from 'Gray Winter'. 'Maris Tabard' outyielded resistant 'Panema', 'Peniarth' and 'Pennal', and susceptible 'Maris Osprey' and 'Manod' on infested soil. 'Tulip-root' is not an infallible guide to susceptibility of oats to stem nematode. Using a mixture of nematode populations in breeding for resistance to stem nematodes is recommended.

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