Cytochemical characterization of leukemic cells with numerous cytoplasmic granules
Li, C.Y.; Yam, L.T.
Mayo Clinic Proceedings 62(11): 978-985
ISSN/ISBN: 0025-6196 PMID: 3118118 DOI: 10.1016/s0025-6196(12)65067-8
Ten cases in which leukemic cells contained numerous cytoplasmic granules were examined by using a panel of cytochemical reactions. The diagnoses in the 10 cases were mast cell leukemia, chronic basophilic leukemia, and acute myeloid with basophilic differentiation in one case each, acute promyelocytic leukemia in two cases, acute megakaryoblastic leukemia in two cases, and blastic hairy cell leukemia in three cases. The cytochemical panel consisted of peroxidase, toluidine blue, chloroacetate esterase, aminocaproate esterase, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, and immunoalkaline phosphatase for platelet/megakaryocyte-specific antigen. The unusual cytologic features of leukemic cells in cases similar to our 10 cases have caused considerable diagnostic difficulties. In our 10 cases, however, the effective use of cytochemical studies helped to achieve accurate identification of the various types of leukemic cells. We conclude that the intelligent application of cytochemical techniques continues to be useful for the accurate cytodiagnosis of hematopoietic neoplasms.