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Decreased mitochondrial creatine kinase ec 2.7.3.2 activity in dystrophic chicken breast muscle alters creatine linked respiratory coupling



Decreased mitochondrial creatine kinase ec 2.7.3.2 activity in dystrophic chicken breast muscle alters creatine linked respiratory coupling



Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 240(1): 380-391



Dystrophic chicken breast muscle mitochondria contain significantly less mitochondrial creatine kinase than normal breast muscle mitochondria. Breast muscle mitochondria from normal 16- to 40-day-old chickens contain .apprx. 80 U of mitochondrial creatine kinase per unit of succinate:INT (p-iodonitrotetrazolium violet) reductase, a mitochondrial marker, while dystrophic chicken breast muscle mitochondria contain 36-44 U. Normal chicken heart muscle mitochondria contain .apprx. 10% of the mitochondrial creatine kinase per unit of succinate:INT reductase as normal breast muscle mitochondria. The levels in heart muscle mitochondria from dystrophic chickens are not affected significantly. Evidence is presented which shows that the reduced level of mitochondrial creatine kinase in dystrophic breast muscle mitochondria is responsible for an altered creatine linked respiration. First, both normal and dystrophic breast muscle mitochondria respire with the same state 3 and state 4 respiration. Second, the post-ADP state 4 rate of respiration of normal breast muscle mitochondria in the presence of 20 mM creatine continues at the state 3 rate. However, the state 4 rate of dystrophic breast muscle mitochondria and mitochondria from other muscle types with a low level of mitochondrial creatine kinase, such as heart muscle and 5-day-old chicken breast muscle, is slower than the state 3 rate. Third, dystrophic breast mitochondria synthesize ATP at the same rate as normal breast muscle mitochondria but rates of creatine phosphate synthesis in 20-50 mM Pi are reduced significantly. Finally, increasing concentrations of Pi displace mitochondrial creatine kinase from mitoplasts of normal and dystrophic breast muscle mitochondria with the same apparent KD, indicating that the outer surface of the inner mitochondrial membrane and the mitochondrial creatine kinase from dystrophic muscle are not altered.

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