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Differences in the kinetics of axonal transport for individual lipid classes in rat sciatic nerve

, : Differences in the kinetics of axonal transport for individual lipid classes in rat sciatic nerve. Journal of Neurochemistry 40(2): 555-562

Lipid precursors ([2-3H]glycerol for phospholipids and [3H]acetate for cholesterol) were injected into the L[lumbar]-5 dorsal root ganglion of adult rats. At various times, animals were killed, the ganglion and consecutive 5-mm segments of sciatic nerve were dissected, and lipids were extracted and analyzed by TLC. Individual lipid classes exhibited markedly different transport patterns. The crest of radioactive phosphatidylcholine moved as a sharply defined front at .apprx. 300 mm/day, with a relatively flat plateau behind the moving crest. Although some radioactive phosphatidylethanolamine also moved at the same rate, the crest was continually attenuated as it moved so that a gradient of radioactive phosphatidylethanolamine along the axon was maintained for several days. Trasported diphosphatidylglycerol exhibited a defined crest, as did phosphatidylcholine, but moved at about half the rate. Labeled cholesterol was transported at a rapid rate similar to that for phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine, but like phosphatidylethanolamine, the initial moving crest of radioactivity was continually attenuated. Relative to the phospholipids, cholesterol showed a more prolonged period of accumulation in the axons and was more metabolically stable. Most labeled phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and cholesterol is probably transported in similar (or the same) rapidly moving membranous particles. Once incorporated into these particles, molecules of phosphatidylcholine tend to remain associated with them during transport. Molecules of phosphatidylethanolamine and cholesterol in these transported particles exchange extensively with unlabeled molecules in stationary axonal structures. Diphosphatidylglycerol, localized in a specialized organelle, the mitochondrion, is transported at slower rate than other phospholipids and does not exchange with other structures.

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Accession: 005151352

PMID: 6185640

DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.1983.tb11318.x

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