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Differences in the mean birth weight by gestational age in weeks between a private clinic and a public hospital in haha japan

, : Differences in the mean birth weight by gestational age in weeks between a private clinic and a public hospital in haha japan. Journal of UOEH 1(2): 137-146

The differences in the intrauterine growth curves between infants in A private clinic and those in O public hospital in Naha, Japan, were recognized. These differences in 1967-69 and 1972-74 were investigated by computing the mean and SD of the birth weight, by sex, parity (primiparous and multiparous groups) and gestational age in weeks (35-43 wk). The gestational ages were calculated to the nearest week (e.g., 277-283 days as 40 wk). The mean birth weights of infants in A clinic are 50-60 g higher than those of O hospital. These differences are statistically significant, especially between 38-41 gestational weeks. Some possible contributing factors causing these differences are discussed. This phenomenon was primarily due to the differences in the socioeconomic classes of the mothers giving birth in the 2 obstetric establishments; no contributor among the biological or sociobiological factors such as physical status, health conditions, maternal nutrition and pregnancy health control of the mother were identified.

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