+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Distance cues and depth avoidance on the visual cliff



Distance cues and depth avoidance on the visual cliff



Perceptual and Motor Skills 54(3 Pt 2): 1195-1198



The study tested the hypothesis that depth avoidance in chicks is a specific case of general aversion to far patterns. Using a modified visual cliff, 192 male chicks less than 24 hr. old were on one side presented vertical patterns at varying distances from the centerboard and on the other side either a shallow or deep pattern. Control data indicated that, when two vertical patterns are presented on an opaque surface, chicks will descend to the nearer pattern and that this is motivated by aversion to the far pattern rather than attraction to the near one. Further data showed, however, that when a vertical pattern appeared at varying distances on one side of the centerboard and either a shallow or deep pattern appeared on the other, chicks avoided the side with depth at all distances of the vertical pattern. Depth avoidance in chicks then is not mediated by distance cues. While these may influence descent from a centerboard to an opaque surface, avoidance of depth overrides them on the visual cliff.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 005173337

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 7110861

DOI: 10.2466/pms.1982.54.3c.1195


Related references

Effects of a shaped pattern preference on depth avoidance by human infants in the visual cliff situation. Perceptual and Motor Skills 36(3): 919-925, 1973

The use of multiple visual cues for depth and distance perception in 3D environments. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 35(4): 2110, 1994

Human distance and depth perception An investigation of visual cues. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 37(3): S518, 1996

Reaching for visual cues to depth: the brain combines depth cues differently for motor control and perception. Journal of Vision 5(2): 103-115, 2005

The Perception of Distance in Simulated Visual Displays:A Comparison of the Effectiveness and Accuracy of Multiple Depth Cues Across Viewing Distances. Presence Teleoperators & Virtual Environments 6(5): 513-531, 1997

Tactical decisions for changeable cuttlefish camouflage: visual cues for choosing masquerade are relevant from a greater distance than visual cues used for background matching. Biological Bulletin 229(2): 160-166, 2016

Chicks avoidance of visual pitfalls a reexamination of findings by the visual cliff technique. Japanese Psychological Research 14(3): 145-150, 1972

The importance of a "cliff" in depth avoidance by human infants. Journal of General Psychology 98(2d Half): 303-304, 1978

The visual cliff test for the study of visual depth perception in the mouse. Animal Behaviour 13(2): 232-233, 1965

Studies of visual depth perception. IV. Comparisons of texture densities on a visual cliff by chicks. Perceptual and Motor Skills 15: 626-626, 1962

Studies of Visual Depth Perception: An Effect of Early Experience on Chicks on a Visual Cliff. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 57: 94-96, 1964

The contributions of static visual cues, nonvisual cues, and optic flow in distance estimation. Perception 33(1): 49-65, 2004

Studies of visual depth perception: III. Choice behavior of newly hatched chicks on a visual cliff. Percept Mot Skills 12(3): 259-262, 1961

Evaluation of visual function in Royal College of Surgeon rats using a depth perception visual cliff test. Visual Neuroscience 36: E002-E002, 2019

Visual perception of planar orientation: Dominance of static depth cues over motion cues. Vision Research 42(11): 1403-1412, 2002