+ Translate
+ Most Popular
Cunninghamia lanceolata plantations in China
Mammalian lairs in paleo ecological studies and palynology
Studies on technological possibilities in utilization of anhydrous milk fat for production of recombined butter-like products
Should right-sided fibroelastomas be operated upon?
Large esophageal lipoma
Apoptosis in the mammalian thymus during normal histogenesis and under various in vitro and in vivo experimental conditions
Poissons characoides nouveaux ou non signales de l'Ilha do Bananal, Bresil
Desensitizing efficacy of Colgate Sensitive Maximum Strength and Fresh Mint Sensodyne dentifrices
Administration of fluid by subcutaneous infusion: revival of a forgotten method
Tundra mosquito control - an impossible dream?
Schizophrenia for primary care providers: how to contribute to the care of a vulnerable patient population
Geochemical pattern analysis; method of describing the Southeastern limestone regional aquifer system
Incidence of low birth weights in a hospital of Mexico City
Graded management intensity of grassland systems for enhancing floristic diversity
Microbiology and biochemistry of cheese and fermented milk
The ember tetra: a new pygmy characid tetra from the Rio das Mortes, Brazil, Hyphessobrycon amandae sp. n. (Pisces, Characoidei)
Risk factors of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients after coronary artery intervention
Renovation of onsite domestic wastewater in a poorly drained soil
Observations of the propagation velocity and formation mechanism of burst fractures caused by gunshot
Systolic blood pressure in a population of infants in the first year of life: the Brompton study
Haematological studies in rats fed with metanil yellow
Studies on pasteurellosis. I. A new species of Pasteurella encountered in chronic fowl cholera
Dormancy breaking and germination of Acacia salicina Lindl. seeds
therapy of lupus nephritis. a two-year prospective study

Distribution and balance of volatile halogenated hydro carbons in the water and air of covered swimming pools using chlorine for water disinfection

Distribution and balance of volatile halogenated hydro carbons in the water and air of covered swimming pools using chlorine for water disinfection

Water Research 15(7): 803-814

ISSN/ISBN: 0043-1354

DOI: 10.1016/0043-1354(81)90133-0

A survey of the chlorination practice of swimming-pool waters was presented taking the case of covered pools in Bremen [West Germany]. Chlorination of water may result in specific health hazards by various halogenated chemicals. Trihalomethanes (THM), were determined in water and air samples. One organic precursor of the synthesis of THM in swimming pools was identified. An estimate of average and maximum burden of the user/swimmer was given. Short and long range alternative measures were proposed to diminish health hazards. Application of Cl2 for disinfection should be minimized.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 005174387

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

Related references

Determination of volatile halogenated hydrocarbons in water by gas chromatography. Analytical Chemistry 48(14): 2207-2209, 1976

Determination of volatile halogenated hydro carbons in water with xad 4 resin. Analytical Chemistry 50(13): 1836-1838, 1978

Comparative laboratory studies on the use of chlorine and iodine for disinfection of water in swimming pools. Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny 19(6): 653-659, 1968

Volatile halogenated hydrocarbons in river water, ground water, drinking water and swimming-pool water in the Federal Republic of Germany. Analysis of organic micropollutants in water: proceedings Second European Symposium held in Killarney Ireland November 17-19-1981 edited by A Bjorseth and G Angeletti: 271, 1982

The disinfection of swimming pool water. II. A field study of the disinfection of public swimming pools. American Journal of Public Health and the Nation's Health 60(4): 740-750, 1970

Bacterial indices of water pollution in swimming pools with reference to various methods of water disinfection. Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny 26(6): 675-682, 1975

Contents of heavy metals organo chlorine pesticides poly chlorinated bi phenyls and volatile halogenated hydro carbons in fish samples from the high and upper rhine and lake constance western europe. Zeitschrift fuer Lebensmittel-Untersuchung und -Forschung 176(4): 253-261, 1983

Chlorine-tolerant Pseudomonas aeruginosa in swimming pools, spas, and hydro-therapy pools. Abstracts of the General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology 94: 392, 1994

The microbiological quality of water in covered swimming pools. Archives Belges 40(7-8): 344-352, 1982

Water disinfection in indoor swimming pools. Gigiena i Sanitariia 27: 87-89, 1962

Methods of water disinfection in swimming pools (a review). Gigiena i Sanitariia 1992(3): 17-20, 1992

Determination of lower halogenated hydro carbons by the water xylene extraction method. Environmental Pollution Series B Chemical and Physical 7(2): 129-140, 1984

New halogenated disinfection byproducts in swimming pool water and their permeability across skin. Environmental Science and Technology 46(13): 7112-7119, 2012

Survey of volatile halogenated organics in italy levels of volatile halogenated organics in drinking waters surface waters and swimming pools. Water Research 20(8): 959-964, 1986

Volatile halogenated organics in swimming pools. Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry 76(3-4): 219-228, 2000