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Divalent cation binding properties of slow skeletal muscle troponin in comparison with those of cardiac and fast skeletal muscle troponins

Divalent cation binding properties of slow skeletal muscle troponin in comparison with those of cardiac and fast skeletal muscle troponins

Journal of Biochemistry 86(3): 811-820

1. New methods of preparing troponins from slow skeletal and cardiac muscle of the chicken have been developed. The electrophoretic mobilities of slow skeletal muscle troponin subunits were different from those of the corresponding fast skeletal muscle subunits. 2. A new method for determining the amount of divalent cations bound to troponin was developed. The principle of the method is to immobilize troponin by conjugating it with Sepharose 4B resin, thus making it readily sedimentable. 3. The numbers of Sr and Ca ions bound to slow muscle troponin at concentrations sufficient to produce maximum contraction were 1.73 and 1.36 mol per mol, respectively, being nearly equal to those of cardiac troponin but half of those of fast muscle troponin. 4. The concentrations of Sr and Ca ions giving half-maximal ion binding to slow muscle troponin (K50%) were 5.5 X 10(-6) M and 4.6 X 10(-7) M, respectively. 5. K50% for Sr of cardiac troponin was significantly higher than that of slow muscle troponin. Although K50% for Sr of cardiac troponin was the same as that of fast muscle troponin, cardiac troponin bound more Sr ions than fast muscle troponin at lower Sr ion concentrations. The mechanism underlying the high sensitivity of cardiac muscle contraction to Sr ions is discussed in comparison with that of slow muscle.

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Accession: 005183812

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PMID: 511850

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