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Does gibberellic Acid induce the transfer of lipase from protein bodies to lipid bodies in barley aleurone cells?



Does gibberellic Acid induce the transfer of lipase from protein bodies to lipid bodies in barley aleurone cells?



Plant Physiology 85(2): 487-496



We have examined the effect of gibberellic acid (GA(3)) on the distribution of the enzyme responsible for mobilizing storage triacylglycerol in aleurone cells of Hordeum vulgare L. cv Himalaya. Using cellular fractionation techniques, we find that, in cells that have not been exposed to hormone, neutral lipase activity is principally associated with a pellet containing the membranes of protein bodies. If the cells are exposed to GA(3) for at least 1 hour, the majority of the lipase activity becomes associated with the lipid body fraction. The nature of the in vivo association between lipid bodies and protein bodies was examined using ultrarapid freezing followed by freeze-fracture electron microscopy. Our analysis indicates that the phospholipid monolayer surrounding the lipid body is directly continuous with the outer leaflet of the bilayer surrounding the protein body. Based on our data, we propose that lipase can be transferred from protein bodies (storage form) to lipid bodies (active form) by lateral diffusion within the plane of the fused phospholipid monolayer, and that the transfer can be controlled by gibberellic acid by an unknown mechanism.

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Accession: 005188998

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PMID: 16665725

DOI: 10.1104/pp.85.2.487


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