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Early effects of prolactin on lactating rabbit mammary gland. Ultrastructural changes and stimulation of casein secretion



Early effects of prolactin on lactating rabbit mammary gland. Ultrastructural changes and stimulation of casein secretion



Cell and Tissue Research 187(1): 25-43



Effects of prolactin on the secretion of milk proteins have been investigated by incubating mammary tissue fragments from lactating rabbits. Within 15 min of adding the hormone to the incubation medium, cell morphology is modified: the relative volume occupied by the Golgi region is greatly increased. When prolactin is added immediately after a pulse labelling of proteins (3 min with 3H-L-leucine), the amount of labelled caseins secreted during one hour is significantly increased. This increase proceeds neither from an acceleration of intracellular transit of caseins (as shown by electron microscopic autoradiography) nor by an enhancement of amino acid uptake (as measured by incorporation of non-metabolizable amino acids) nor by an increase of overall protein synthesis, during the first hour. The action of prolactin on the morphology of such subcellular organelles as the Golgi apparatus and its influence on casein secretion are discussed.

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Accession: 005205095

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PMID: 630590


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