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Effect of cyclic selection for high and low crushing strength on rind pith and whole stalk composition in corn



Effect of cyclic selection for high and low crushing strength on rind pith and whole stalk composition in corn



Crop Science 17(5): 732-734



Two synthetic corn (Zea mays L.) populations were selected for high and low crushing strength through 5 cycles of recurrent selection. Stalk sections from the 2nd internode above the ground were collected from the 5th cycle plants. The stalk sections were separated into pith and rind components and analyzed for lignin and cellulose. In synthetic (MoSQA) the lignin percentages in the stalk sections were 16.6 and 19.2 for low and high crushing strength selections, respectively. Lignin percentages were 15.9 and 17.6, respectively, for the low and high crushing strength selections in the 2nd synthetic (MoSQB). However, stalk lignin percentages for the high and low selections in each population were not significantly different from stalk lignin percentages in the original unselected populations. Lignin percentage of the pith was not affected by selection for crushing strength. In MoSQA the lignin percentage of the rind increased with increased crushing strength. Lignin percentage of the rind in MoSQB did not change. However, the proportion of rind in the stalk changed from 75.8 to 82.1% due to selection for low and high crushing strength. The changes in stalk composition were small relative to the large differences in crushing strength and lodging percentage between the high and low selections. Crushing strength and lodging resistance can be increased considerably without greatly affecting the composition, and presumably, the digestibility of corn stover.

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Accession: 005230332

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