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Effect of feeding pollen substitutes to colonies of honey bees apis mellifera hymenoptera apidae exposed to carbaryl



Effect of feeding pollen substitutes to colonies of honey bees apis mellifera hymenoptera apidae exposed to carbaryl



Environmental Entomology 12(3): 758-762



Colonies, (24) established from 3-lb (.apprx. 1.4-kg) packages of Italian bees, were divided into 2 groups of 12 colonies each. Colonies (12) were exposed to Sevin (50w) at a rate of 2.5 lb (AI) [active ingredient]/acre (2.5 kg/ha) on 8 July 1981. Colonies (12) were moved to a 2nd apiary the day before spraying. In each group, 6 colonies were fed a lactalbumin-yeast pollen substitute and 6 were not fed. Colony weights, dead bee trap counts, and brood measurements were recorded from April-October 1981. The 12 colonies exposed to carbaryl survived the spray, but a significant number of dead bees were counted daily for 7 days after the spray treatment. After 7 days the mortality was normal. Overall, the total amount of brood reared to the sealed stage was not significantly different, as determined by a 3-way analysis of variance. Immediately after the spray, the pollen substitute-fed colonies reared significantly more brood than unfed colonies. The carbaryl-treated and untreated colonies yielded similar amounts of honey, indicating that the loss of several thousand foraging bees did not have a long-range affect on the colonies.

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Accession: 005238857

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