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Effect of fermentation conditions on toxin production by Clostridium botulinum type B


Applied and Environmental Microbiology 40(6): 1023-1026
Effect of fermentation conditions on toxin production by Clostridium botulinum type B
To obtain high yields of toxin for the preparation of purified neurotoxoids, we examined the time of appearance and the quantity of toxin produced by the Bean strain of Clostridium botulinum type B under various conditions by using a fermentor system. The medium employed consisted of 2.0% casein hydrolylsate and 1.5% yeast extract plus an appropriate concentration of glucose. The maximum toxin concentration (4 x 10(5) to 5 x 10(5) mouse median lethal doses per ml) was attained within 48 h under the following fermentation conditions: an initial glucose concentration of 0.5 or 1.0%, a temperature of 35 degrees C, a nitrogen overlay at a rate of 5 liters/min, and an agitation rate of 50 rpm.


Accession: 005239002

PMID: 7006503



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