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Effect of fertilizer solution application method on tall fescue festuca arundinacea performance

Effect of fertilizer solution application method on tall fescue festuca arundinacea performance

Journal of Fertilizer Issues 2(4): 111-116

Three field studies were conducted at different locations in eastern Kansas to determine the effects of fertilizer application method on tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) yield and nutrient content. The first two experiments compared conventional surface broadcast application with surface band (dribble) application of liquid fertilizers, while the third included comparisons of broadcast, dribble and subsurface band (knife) methods. Experiments I and III studied solutions containing N-P and N-P-K, respectively, while Experiment II varied only N applications. Experiment I showed yield increases from P fertilizer, and especially from N rate, but no forage yield difference between the application mehtods in three years of testing. Forage N content was increased by increasing N fertility rate, and the dribble method tended to raise N content of forage more than the broadcast method. Experiment II had the same effects from N rate, and the dribble method significantly increased forage N concentration over that of the broadcast method. Experiment III showed yield responses similar to those of Experiment I from N and P fertilization rates and methods, but knifing N and P further increased yields and forage content of the nutrient applied. Responses of forage K content to K treatments were similar to the responses of P content of P treatments, but yields were less affected by K application. Generally, knifing rather than broadcasting nutrients enhanced uptake enough to increase both forage yields and nutrient concentrations, whereas dribble application increased forage nutrient concentrations at yields similar to those of broadcast application.

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Accession: 005239132

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