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Effect of film mulch trickle irrigation and dd mencs on nematodes fungi and vegetable yields in a multi crop production system

Effect of film mulch trickle irrigation and dd mencs on nematodes fungi and vegetable yields in a multi crop production system

Phytopathology 69(11): 1172-1175

Field plots of Tifton loamy sand were treated with various rates of DD-MENCS (20% methyl isothiocyanate + 80% chlorinated C3 hydrocarbons) and covered with black polyethylene film mulch. Trickle irrigation under the film mulch was used when cucumber [Cucumis sativus], squash [Cucurbita pepo] and cucumber were grown in succession in these plots. The soil was assayed for nematodes and fungi, and the plant roots were evaluated for root-knot nematode and fungal damage. Soil treatments with DD-MENCS at 107, 161, 215, 269, 322 and 376 kg/ha reduced nematode and fungal populations on cucumber and on squash early in the growing season. Growth and yield of cucumber were greatest when nematodes and fungi were controlled. Nematode control based on root-gall indices in plots treated with DD-MENCS at 215 kg/ha was significantly greater than in untreated plots 54 days after the 3rd crop (cucumber) was planted. The recommended rate of DD-MENCS (376 kg/ha) for control of nematodes and fungi under conventional production practices can be reduced by 43% and still maintain adequate pest control and yield increase of vegetable crops under the film-mulch and trickle irrigation production system.

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Accession: 005239282

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