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Effect of gliocladium virens on pythium ultimum rhizoctonia solani and damping off of cotton gossypium hirsutum cultivar stoneville 213 seedlings


Effect of gliocladium virens on pythium ultimum rhizoctonia solani and damping off of cotton gossypium hirsutum cultivar stoneville 213 seedlings



Phytopathology 72(5): 496-498



ISSN/ISBN: 0031-949X

A strain of G. virens isolated from the parasitized hyphae of R. solani, significantly suppressed damping-off incited off in cotton seedlings by this pathogen and by P. ultimum when the antagonist was placed with cottonseed planted in infested soil. Treatment with G. virens more than doubled the number of surviving cotton seedlings grown in soil infested with either pathogen. G. virens parasitized R. solani by coiling around and penetrating the hyphae. P. ultimum was not parasitized by G. virens, but was strongly inhibited by antibiosis. Treatment of soil infested with propagules of R. solani or P. ultimum with G. virens resulted in a 63% reduction in the number of viable R. solani sclerotia after 3 wk of incubation, whereas oospores of P. ultimum were unaffected.

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Accession: 005241458

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