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Effect of mineral fertilizers on morphological and anatomical structures of apple leaf/

Effect of mineral fertilizers on morphological and anatomical structures of apple leaf/

Ukrayins'kyi Botanichnyi Zhurnal 40(5): 47-50

Inorganic fertilizers, especially a variant with a double dose of N, promoted the ordering arrangement of the 3d layer of palisade parenchyma cells and a decrease in the number of intercellular ducts in leaves of the apple. Mineral fertilizers increased linear dimensions, volume of palisade cells, thickness of the leaf blade and the palisade/spongy parenchyma relationship. The volume of palisade cells became 1.5-2 times higher. The epidermal complex elements change but slightly. N fertilizers increased the annual growth of sprouts, number of leaves and leaf area in the sprout. The chloroplast amount in leaves of fruit-bearing spurs and of annual sprouts in the sites under study was almost the same. Only certain increase in the chloroplast amount was observed in cells of palisade parenchyma in the variant N180. The effect of inorganic fertilizers on the leaf structure depends on doses and ratio of elements, on state of leaf form differentiation and on arrangement of leaves in the sprout. Inorganic fertilizers affect different stages of leaf blade ontogenesis, division and extension of cells.

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