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Effect of monensin, energy level, and cow body condition on pregnancy rate in nonlactating beef cows


Effect of monensin, energy level, and cow body condition on pregnancy rate in nonlactating beef cows



Theriogenology 14(2): 91-104



ISSN/ISBN: 0093-691X

PMID: 16725515

DOI: 10.1016/0093-691x(80)90096-5

One hundred eighty-two nonlactating cycling Brahman crossbred and Angus cows were used to study the effects of monensin, cow body condition and supplemental energy level on pregnancy rate. The cows were classified as being in either moderate or poor body condition at the start of the experiment and were fed either 9 or 18 Mcal of supplemental metabolizable energy/head/day with or without 125 mg of monensin in the ration. Feeding commenced 21 days prior to and throughout a 45-day breeding season. In the monensin treated group ruminal propionic acid levels (molar %) were increased (P<.01) while acetic and butyric acid levels were lowered (P<.05) regardless of supplemental energy intake. Pregnancy rate, pregnancy rate at first service, and the percentage of conceptions per estrus were increased (P<.05) when cows were fed 18 Mcal of supplemental energy per head per day. Neither cow body condition nor addition of monensin to the diet had an effect on the preceding reproductive endpoints. Cows in poor body condition and receiving 18 Mcal of supplemental energy per head per day had increased (P<.05) reproductive performance as evidenced by an increase in the pregnancy rate, pregnancy rate at first service, and percentage of conceptions per estrus when compared to the other groups.

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Accession: 005254851

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