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Effect of periodic rest on hearing loss and cochlear damage following exposure to noise

Effect of periodic rest on hearing loss and cochlear damage following exposure to noise

Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 82(4): 1253-1264

Changes in hearing sensitivity and cochlear damage were determined in two groups of chinchillas exposed to an octave band of noise (OBN) centered at 0.5 kHz, 95 db SPL on two different schedules; 6 h per day for 36 days, or 15 min/h for 144 days. Hearing sensitivity was measured behaviorally at 1/4-oct frequency intervals from 0.125 to 16.0 kHz before, during, and for a period of 1 to 2 months after the exposure, at which time the animals' cochleas were fixed and prepared for microscopic examination. Cochlear damage was determined by counts of missing sensory cells. Both exposures produced an initial shift of thresholds of 35-45 dB; however, after a few days of exposure, thresholds began to decline and eventually recovered to within 10-15 dB of original baseline values even though the exposure continued. Measures of recovery made after completion of the exposures indicated minimal permanent threshold shifts in all animals. The behavioral and anatomical data indicated that these intermittent exposures produced less temporary and permanent hearing loss and less cochlear damage than continuous exposures of equal energy.

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Accession: 005260003

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 3680782

DOI: 10.1121/1.395261

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