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Effect of profile soil moisture and phosphorus levels on the growth and yield of and nutrient uptake by chick pea cicer arietinum

, : Effect of profile soil moisture and phosphorus levels on the growth and yield of and nutrient uptake by chick pea cicer arietinum. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 50(12): 943-947

A field experiment was conducted in 1975-76 and 1976-77 to study the response of chick-pea (C. arietinum Linn.) to different levels of initial profile soil moisture, i.e., 125, 160 and 200 mm, with and without 50 mm of additional irrigation 60 days after sowing, on the production of grain, dry matter, and the uptake of N, P and K. Higher initial profile soil moisture or additional irrigation significantly influenced the growth, yield-contributing characters, yield and nutrient uptake. The yields of grain under 125, 160 and 200 mm profile soil moisture were 1017.5, 1524.9 and 1516.9 kg/ha, respectively, and the increases with application of 50 mm additional irrigation were 390.0, 225.2 and 380.9 kg/ha, respectively, over treatments receiving no additional irrigation (50 mm). The average increases with 4.5, 9.0 and 13.5 kg P/ha were 162.9, 224.5 and 269.8 kg/ha over the control. Higher moisture supply by building 200 mm of initial profile soil moisture supplemented with 50 mm of protective irrigation 60 days after planting the crop resulted in 71.5 and 51.3% increase in N and P uptake by chick-pea crop over lower level (125 mm) of soil moisture.

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