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Effect of sodium chloride salinity in vivo and in vitro on rnase activity in the halophyte suaeda maritima var macrocarpa



Effect of sodium chloride salinity in vivo and in vitro on rnase activity in the halophyte suaeda maritima var macrocarpa



Physiologia Plantarum 69(2): 330-336



Ribonuclease (EC 2.7.7.17) activity in the obligate halophyte Suaeda maritima (L.) Dum. var. macrocarpa Moq. was studied in relation to salinity (increasing concentrations of NaCl) of incubation and growth media. In vitro, the addition of 50 to 400 mM NaCl did not affect ribonuclease activity. This result, which was also found for Phaseolus vulgaris, indicates that the hydrolase is insensitive to high saline concentrations. The subcellular distribution of RNase activity did not change significantly with the salinity of the medium or with the age of the plant. The microsomal ribonuclease activity expressed on a fresh weight basis represented in every case less than 6% of the total activity. After 23 days of culture, the absence of salt stimulated the activity of soluble ribonuclease in aerial parts of Suaeda; inversely, the capacity of the enzyme was lower under optimal saline conditions (130 mM NaCl). This was also evidenced by transfer of whole plants from a non-saline to a saline medium. Such a saline shock caused a decrease followed by a stabilization of the capacity of ribonuclease from Suaeda. The influx of NaCl in the tissues lowered the activity of the hydrolase.

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