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Effect of the disinfectants potassium per manganate chloramine b and sodium hydroxide and the antibiotics neomycin monomycin oleandomycin oxytetracycline chlortetracycline and vetdipasphen on balantidium coli in vitro

Effect of the disinfectants potassium per manganate chloramine b and sodium hydroxide and the antibiotics neomycin monomycin oleandomycin oxytetracycline chlortetracycline and vetdipasphen on balantidium coli in vitro

Lietuvos TSR Mokslu Akademijos Darbai Serija C Biologijos Mokslai (3): 85-90

B. coli strain G from humans and B. coli strains B1, B2, T, P and H9 from swine were used in experiments for the determination of the effects of various disinfectants and antibiotics on B. coli strains causing balantidiasis in swine. The studied disinfectants caused morphological changes in the cells of B. coli (inducement of rounded shape, formation of vacuoles in the cytoplasm, damage of pellicle and other abnormalities) which led to lysis of the cell. The studied antibiotics paralyzed the ingoing motion of B. coli (spinning around their own axis, confused flickering of cilia) which also caused morphological changes and lysis. The most active disinfectant was chloramine B; the least active was sodium hydroxide. The most active antibiotics were monomycin and vetdipasphen. Vetdipasphen was recommended for mass sanitation of swine. Monomycin was not suitable for this purpose because of its cost and toxicity. B. coli from humans compared to B. coli from swine was 2.5 times less sensitive to chloramine B, 3.4 times less sensitive to potassium permanganate but 1.55 times more sensitive to sodium hydroxide. Differences in sensitivity to antibiotics between B. coli strains from humans and from swine were not determined.

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