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Effect of urea molasses liquid diet feeding as the main source of nitrogen and energy along with limited amount of cereal forage and intact proteins on voluntary intake growth response and utilization of nutrients in cross bred calves bos indicus x bos taurus



Effect of urea molasses liquid diet feeding as the main source of nitrogen and energy along with limited amount of cereal forage and intact proteins on voluntary intake growth response and utilization of nutrients in cross bred calves bos indicus x bos taurus



Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 46(10): (1977) 515-520



A feeding trial was conducted on 54 yearling cross-bred calves for 1 yr. Six calves were put on each of the 9 treatments consisting of 2 standard control diets of farm grain mixture and cereal forage (green oat/green maize) and 7 diets based on ad lib-feeding of urea-molasses liquid diet with restricted forage and intact proteins, i.e., groundnut-cake, formaldehyde-treated groundnut-cake and fish-meal, at 2 levels. The mean dry-matter intake during the feeding trial was 7.76, 7.52, 6.20, 5.88, 6.23, 6.02, 6.11, 6.05 and 6.29 kg/head per day in groups 1 to 9, respectively. The intake during metabolism trial varied between 83 and 99 g/kg metabolic body size, and the difference between the groups was non-significant. The average water intake was 38.8, 35.9, 37.8, 31.9, 30.8, 31.0, 33.1, 32.1 and 35.3 l/head per day. The average growth rate was 739, 721, 623, 611, 578, 564, 562, 521 and 512 g/day in groups 1, 2, 9, 5, 8, 6, 7, 4, 3, respectively, and there was no significant difference between groups 1 and 2, 2 and 9, 9, 5, 8, 6 and 7 and 5, 8, 6, 7, 4 and 3. The difference in the digestibility of organic nutrients was significant. A lower digestibility of crude protein, crude fiber and acid-detergent fiber was observed in all the groups on urea-molasses liquid diets.

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