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Effect of vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and phosphate solubilizing bacteria on growth and nutrition of soybean in a neutral calcareous soil amended with phosphorus 32 calcium 45 tricalcium phosphate


Effect of vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and phosphate solubilizing bacteria on growth and nutrition of soybean in a neutral calcareous soil amended with phosphorus 32 calcium 45 tricalcium phosphate



Plant and Soil 96(1): 3-16



ISSN/ISBN: 0032-079X

The interactions between vesicular-arbuscular (VA) mycorrhiza and phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) on the utilization of the sparingly soluble 32P-4Ca-tricalcium phosphate by Glycine max-Rhizobium japonicum was studied in a neutral calcareous soil. Two mycorrhizal endophytes, Glomus moseae and a Glomus sp. (E3), were assayed. Both of them increased plant growth and nutrition, E3 being the most efficient. Mycorrhizal inoculation, especially with E3, improved plant utilization of the sparingly soluble tricalcium phosphate. However, the proportion of P in the plant shoots derived from the fertilizer was lower in mycorrhizal plants. Although PSB inoculation did not improve fertilizer utilization by either roots or mycorrhizas, it did produce an increase in shoot N concentration and content, and in the shoot to root ratio. The amount of mycorrhizal infection was also increased by PSB at all levels of added phosphate. This experiment confirms the significance of VA mycorrhizas on growth and P uptake by soybeans, and provides evidence of a key role of this symbiosis in P-cycling in neutral calcareous soils.

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Accession: 005281968

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